B’Tselem, organisation israélienne de défense des droits de l’homme, infléchit la vérité nous dit l’auteur de cet article. Nous le savons depuis longtemps et le signalons, à l’occasion, sur notre site. Il faut savoir gré à Mme T. Sternthall, responsable du bureau israélien de CAMERA (Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America), de cette brève, mais utile mise au point sur les procédés de B’tselem. Une traduction française de ce texte est en cours. (Menahem Macina).
Sur le site de 5Towns Jewish Times.
On Jan. 17, 2002 Abdul Salaam Sadek Hassouneh of Nablus burst into a bat mitzvah celebration at a Hadera reception hall, shooting dead six and injuring 35 before Israeli security forces ended the bloodbath by killing him.
But Hassouneh has another, lesser known claim to notoriety. He was the first of several Palestinian terrorists killed while attacking Israelis to appear that year in B’Tselem’s list of Palestinian civilians killed by Israeli security forces.
The oft-cited B’Tselem bills itself as an Israeli human rights group devoted to rigorous documentation of Israeli conduct in the West Bank and Gaza. Its reports and activities just became eminently more relevant to Americans with last month’s opening of a Washington, D.C., office and the group’s stated expectation to become the central clearinghouse for information about human rights conditions in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip for Member [sic] of Congress, the State Department and other policy makers.
Americansprivate citizens and policy makers aliketake note. The listing of Hassouneh as a civilian was not a fluke. He was followed by numerous other so-called Palestinian civilians in 2002, including Omar Mahmoud Abu Rub and Yusef Muhammad Abu Rub, killed by border police gunfire after they murdered six Israeli civilians in Beit She’an. Both attacks were claimed by Fatah’s Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade.
In the wake of CAMERA’s criticism of this grossly deceptive practice, B’Tselem revamped its methodology for tracking Palestinian casualties of the intifada. In more recent years, the group has dropped the civilian label as pertaining to Palestinians and describes most Palestinian fatalities as either killed when participating in hostilities or did not participate in hostilities when killed.
Nevertheless, the organization’s current detailed data on all Palestinians killed by Israelis since Sept. 29, 2000cited widely by Western news organizationsare no less problematic for a number of reasons. Most importantly, B’Tselem’s research is as shoddy and unreliable as ever. Take, for instance, the case of 11-year-old Muhammad Ali Abu al-Wafa, killed Dec. 31, 2007 in Khan Younis. B’Tselem lists him as one of those killed by Israeli security forces, although he actually died in Hamas-Fatah clashes, a fact undisputed by Palestinian sources such as the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights and Ma’an News Agency.
Even more shocking, perhaps, is that B’Tselem continues to blame the Israeli security forces for the Sept. 30, 2000 death of 12-year-old Muhammad Al Dura, despite the fact that a number of independent investigations have definitively ruled out that possibility. (B’Tselem, it should be noted, is funded in part by the Ford Foundation and the New Israel Fund.)
And, as it turns out, B’Tselem’s newer system distinguishing between those who were and were not participating in hostilities when killed is no more trustworthy than its earlier false identification of civilians. Thus, B’Tselem reports that Muhammad Zaki Jum’ah al-Najar, killed Nov. 20, 2007 in Khan Younis, Did not participate in hostilities when killed. Yet, Hamas’s English website boasts Today, Al-Qassam Brigades mourn the death of the mujahim [fighter]: Mohammed Zaki Al Najjar. The mujahid was martyred during a clash with the Zionist occupation forces
An examination of this year’s data is just as disheartening. B’Tselem carries an unusually brief listing for Fahmi Abd al-Jawad Hussein a-Darduk, 15, of Nablus, killed May 19, 2008 by gunfire. B’Tselem does not specify that he was killed while participating in hostilities even though he was carrying explosives and ignored soldiers’ orders to stop and raise his hands at a checkpoint when he was killed.
Another serious flaw in B’Tselem’s current data is that terrorists’ affiliations are virtually always ignored. Thus, one would have no idea that Bilal Hamuda Muhammad Saleh, supposedly killed while sleeping in a car April 17, 2008 was the head of Islamic Jihad in Qabatiya, or that Muhammad Shhadeh Abed Shhadeh (a-Ta’amari), killed March 12, 2008 in the Tulkarm district, headed Islamic Jihad in Bethlehem.
Making this omission yet more deceptive, B’Tselem’s end-of-the-year press release on Palestinian casualties specifically claims that the organization has tallied civilian Palestinian casualties. For instance, the press release from Dec. 31, 2007 misleads, stating that in 2007 Israeli security forces killed 373 Palestinians and that about 35 percent of those killed were civilians who were not taking part in the hostilities when killed.
Yet, Islamic Jihad leaders from Bethlehem or Qabatiya, even if they weren’t murdering anyone at the moment they were killed, are no more civilians than the man who shot dead six people celebrating at a bat mitzvah.
In a press release about the new D.C. office, B’Tselem touted its accurate and credible information. Accurate and credible? You be the judge.
Tamar Sternthal is director of the Israel office of CAMERA (Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America). For more visit www.camera.org. A version of this article first appeared on the website of the Israeli newspaper Yediot Aharonot at www.ynetnews.com.
© 5Towns Jewish Times
Mis en ligne le 31 octobre 2008, par M. Macina, sur le site upjf.org