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Droits humains, racisme, antisémitisme, etc.
Antisémitisme

Des parlementaires américains alarmés par l’antisémitisme en Espagne écrivent à Zapatero
21/05/2009

"Nous sommes préoccupés de ce que la grande presse, particulièrement des journaux prestigieux comme "El Pais", qui sont lus dans tout le monde parlant espagnol, publient régulièrement des articles et des caricatures véhiculant de grossiers bobards et des stéréotypes antisémites. De plus, nous sommes préoccupés par des informations suggérant que des fonctionnaires publics des Îles Baléares utilisent des fonds publics pour publier du matériel destiné aux enfants, qui contient des thématiques et des caricatures anti-israéliennes. Cette rhétorique antisémite inacceptable, camouflé en sentiment anti-israélien, est dangereux et renforce les stéréotypes négatifs envers les juifs en Espagne et à l’échelle internationale. (Lettre adressée à M. Zapatero par des parlementaires américains.).

21/05/09

Sur le Blog Philosémitisme, 12 mai 2009

"[...] we are concerned that the mainstream press, particularly prestigious newspapers such as El Pais which are read throughout the Spanish speaking world, is consistently publishing articles and cartoons conveying crude anti-Semitic canards and stereotypes. Furthermore, we are concerned by reports suggesting that officials in the Balearic Islands are using public funding to publish material for children that contain anti-Israeli sentiment and cartoons. This unacceptable anti-Semitic rhetoric, wrapped in the disguise of anti-Israel sentiment, is dangerous and reinforces negative stereotypes of Jews in Spain and internationally."

Profondément inquiets de la persistance et de la montée de l’antisémitisme en Espagne, des parlementaires américains ont adressé une lettre à M. Zapatero, le priant de dénoncer et de combattre l’antisémitisme dans son pays. La lettre a été écrite le 1er mai, or, le lendemain, l’ambassadeur d’Israël en Espagne en faisait l’amère expérience:

"Un torrent d’insultes antisémites s’est abattu sur l’ambassadeur israélien en Espagne, Rafi Shotz, alors qu’il rentrait chez lui, après le match Real de Madrid – Barcelone, dans la capitale espagnole, samedi 2 mai. Les trois auteurs des insultes, patrons d’un bar, lui ont lancé des "chien juif, sale juif !" avant d’être éconduits par la police qui escortait Shotz. Dans un message personnel envoyé au ministre des Affaires étrangères israélien, sous le titre "Antisémitisme – un témoignage personnel", Rafi Shotz a déclaré que les auteurs des insultes se tenaient à seulement quelque mètres de lui, proférant des propos "qui ne peuvent pas apparaitre par écrit". Alors qu’il ignorait les insultes, les personnes témoins de la scène regardaient sans interrompre le flot d’insultes. L’Espagne a assisté à une recrudescence du sentiment anti-israélien ces dernières années, alimenté par les propos critiques des média à propos des actions de l’armée en Judée Samarie et dans la Bande de Gaza, et particulièrement l’opération Plomb Durci menée voici quelques mois." (Guysen News)

---------------------------
Source: repris de Desde Sefarad (Hay una carta para Zapatero)

Dear Prime Minister Zapatero:

As members of the United States Congress who support close U.S.-Spain relations, we want to express our concerns regarding growing anti-Semitism in Spain. As a democratic partner and ally of the United States, we strongly believe that you and your government must take immediate steps to denounce and combat anti-Semitism in Spain.

As you may be aware, the Pew Research Center’s 2008 Global Attitudes Project documented that anti-Jewish sentiment is on the rise in several countries in Europe, but the situation is "particularly dramatic in Spain, where unfavorable views more than doubled over the last three years, rising from 21% in 2005 to 46% in the current survey".

In a 2007 survey conducted by the Anti Defamation League (ADL), 60 percent of respondents in Spain answered that Jews are more loyal to Israel than to Spain, 53 percent of respondents believed that Jews have too much power in the business world, 68 percent believed that Jews have too much power in international financial markets, and 46 percent responded that Jews still talk too much about what happened to them in the Holocaust.

The Pew and ADL surveys indicate a disturbingly high level of anti-Semitic sentiment, and raise serious concerns about the safety of the Jewish community in Spain, which for years has reported to Spanish authorities disconcerting issues, including incidents of verbal harassment, vandalism of synagogues and Jewish community institutions, and increasing anti-Semitic sentiment in the public discourse and at public gatherings such as sporting events.

We are also deeply concerned about continued anti-Semitic rhetoric in the Spanish media which undoubtedly impacts public perception in Spain and contributes to intolerance and hate-filled acts. While we understand that there may be legitimate criticism of the Israeli government and its policies, we are concerned that the mainstream press, particularly prestigious newspapers such as El Pais which are read throughout the Spanish speaking world, is consistently publishing articles and cartoons conveying crude anti-Semitic canards and stereotypes. Furthermore, we are concerned by reports suggesting that officials in the Balearic Islands are using public funding to publish material for children that contain anti-Israeli sentiment and cartoons. This unacceptable anti-Semitic rhetoric, wrapped in the disguise of anti-Israel sentiment, is dangerous and reinforces negative stereotypes of Jews in Spain and internationally.

The U.S. State Department also documented the concerns of the Jewish community in Spain in its 2005 and 2008 reports on Global Anti-Semitism. Unfortunately, current indicators suggest that animosity towards Jews has not declined; in fact it has risen to new heights. If this situation is not addressed at the highest levels of government, we fear that the situation could descend into violence towards the Jewish community in Spain.

Prime Minister Zapatero, we commend you on your leadership in establishing the Casa Sefarad and the Fundacion Pluralismo y Convivencia and for Spain’s involvement in the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research. These are valuable and important initiatives, which we believe will establish a strong foundation for your government to take further steps to combat anti-Semitism and establish a constructive and positive relationship with your nation’s Jewish community and world Jewry as a whole.

It is essential that your government take additional steps to stem anti-Semitic sentiments in Spain. To that end, we urge you and your government to make public statements and take strong positions rejecting expressions of anti-Semitism. We believe your government must fully implement anti-discrimination legislation which would make anti-Semitism a criminal act, penalize Holocaust denial, and create a special prosecutor to address acts of racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism. Finally, it is important that any effort by your government to address this issue also include a Holocaust and Jewish studies education component, specifically in higher education institutions. It has been demonstrated in Europe and elsewhere that such educational programs yield positive results.

At a time when President Obama and the United States are in the process of establishing an agenda with our allies to promote democracy, human rights, religious freedom and combating xenophobia, intolerance and hate, it is important that Spain join the United States in addressing anti-Semitism. We believe that American-Spanish relations - which rest on common values - would be further bolstered by your government’s efforts to deal with this issue and we stand ready to work with you to address anti-Semitism and other issues of mutual importance.

We look forward to your response and to hearing more about your efforts to combat the disturbing rise of anti-Semitism in Spain.

Sincerely,
______________
Rep. Robert Wexler
Member of Congress
Chairman, House Subcommittee on Europe
______________

Rep. Dan Burton
Member of Congress
Ranking Member, House Subcommittee on Middle East and South Asia
______________

Eliot Engel
Member of Congress
Chairman, House Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
______________

Alcee L. Hastings
Member of Congress
Chairman, Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
______________

Christopher H. Smith
Member of Congress
Ranking Member, House Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health
______________

Frank Wolf
Member of Congress
______________

Shelley Berkley
Member of Congress
______________

Ron Klein
Member of Congress
______________

Michael E. McMahon
Member of Congress
______________

Carolyn McCarthy
Member of Congress
______________

Doug Lamborn
Member of Congress
______________

James P. Moran
Member of Congress
______________
Steve Cohen
Member of Congress

[Source des Photocopies : "MOC letter to PM Zapatero w signatures May 1 2009" Ajouté par upjf.org.]



- "El País" fait la leçon à l’ambassadeur d’Israël en Espagne
- Espagne - article antisémite dans le journal El Mundo
- L’antisémitisme reste élevé en Europe, surtout en Espagne
- En Espagne la généalogie des banquiers juifs sert à expliquer la crise bancaire
- ADL: nouvelle étude sur l’antisémitisme en Europe
- Réflexions d’Enrique Krauze sur Gaza
- La Casa dos Bicos à Lisbonne accueillera la Fondation José Saramago

("Les résultats confirment que l’Espagne est le pays où le sentiment judéophobe est le plus élevé, et malheureusement en progression (un
sondage réalisé par l’Observatorio Español de Convivencia Escolar a révélé que plus de la moitié des élèves espagnols de l’enseignement secondaire préfèrent ne pas s’asseoir à côté d’un camarade de classe juif.").

© Philosémitisme

 

Mis en ligne le 21 mai 2009, par M. Macina, sur le site upjf.org